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  • Radiography of the Carpus and Hock - AAEP

    2018-2-13 · Radiography of the carpus and hock are routine procedures performed by most equine veterinarians. When evaluating a performance issue or obtaining radiographs for purchase examination, use of the proper technique to obtain radiographs of the carpus and hock is essential. Use of the proper technique produces radiographs of diagnostic quality, allowing

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  • Radiographic changes of the equine hock joint

    Radiographic examination of the hock joint is an important part of lameness and pre-purchase examination in horses. This article reviews the radiographic abnormalities of the equine tarsus. The...

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  • Interpreting radiographs 5: Radiology of the equine

    Interpreting radiographs 5: Radiology of the equine hock. JUDITH SHELLEY, Department of Radiology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada NIG 2WL. Search for more papers by this author. SUE DYSON, Equine Clinical Unit of the Animal Health Trust, Balaton …

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  • Database Record Viewer | Horse Side Vet Guide

    Hock radiographs are a standard diagnostic used in hind limb lameness exams and pre-purchase exams. Hock lameness is common in horses of all types and disciplines. Historically, one of the most common lameness conditions diagnosed has been arthritis of the lower, low motion joints of the hock.

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  • Interpreting radiographs 5: Radiology of the equine

    On disposal are x-rays of each front toe in the lateromedial and the dorsopalmar (Oxspring) view and radiographs of the hock in different views.

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  • Interpreting radiographs 5: Radiology of the equine

    1984-11-1 · Interpreting radiographs 5: Radiology of the equine hock JUDITH SHELLEY Department of Radiology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada NIG 2WL SUE DYSON Equine Clinical Unit of the Animal Health Trust, Balaton lodge, Snailwell Road, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 7DW Introduction THE complex anatomy of the equine tarsus makes a thorough understanding of its normal radiographic …

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  • Reading Radiographs - Horse&Rider

    2017-1-24 · These radiographs show a hock in the advanced stages of the fusing process. The space between the bones is no longer apparent. A healthy hock joint will have a dark black line, indicating open space, between the bones. Here, we see bright white interrupting what should be a black line. This is bone fusing the hocks together.

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  • Equine Joint Health: Fusing Hocks

    2018-2-13 · Most radiographic abnormalities in the carpus ofyoung horses can be imaged on three projections:dorsolateral (35°) to palmaromedial oblique, dorso-medial (25°) to palmarolateral oblique, and flexedlateral to medial. A skyline of the distal row canadd information if injury to the dorsal surface of thecarpal bones is suspected. At Thoroughbred sales,this view is used only for horses that have raced …

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  • How to Interpret Radiographs of the Carpus and Tarsus of ...

    OCD is often a bilateral condition so both hocks should be radiographed. Fragments of bone may be apparent in the joint. Arthroscopic surgery may be necessary to find cartilage fragments and is the treatment of choice. Once the fragments are removed, horses with hock OCD have a very good prognosis for future performance.

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  • Interpreting radiographs 5: Radiology of the equine

    1984-11-1 · Interpreting radiographs 5: Radiology of the equine hock JUDITH SHELLEY Department of Radiology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada NIG 2WL SUE DYSON Equine Clinical Unit of the Animal Health Trust, Balaton lodge, Snailwell Road, Newmarket, Suffolk CB8 7DW Introduction THE complex anatomy of the equine tarsus makes a thorough understanding of its normal radiographic …

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  • Interpreting radiographs 5: Radiology of the equine

    Interpreting radiographs 5: Radiology of the equine hock. JUDITH SHELLEY, Department of Radiology, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada NIG 2WL. Search for more papers by this author. SUE DYSON, Equine Clinical Unit of the Animal Health Trust, Balaton …

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  • Reading Radiographs - Horse&Rider

    2021-6-16 · Hock Radiographs: The below 2 radiographs demonstrate a normal hock joint on the left and a very abnormal hock joint with a significant degenerative process where the arrow is pointing that was causing this horse to be lame. Intra-joint medications plus systemic therapies were used to manage the joint pain and allow him to be ridden.

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  • Lameness Evaluations - Burlington Equine Veterinary

    2018-2-13 · HOW TO TAKE AND INTERPRET RADIOGRAPHS OF THE YOUNG PERFORMANCE HORSE NOTES. and standing lateral projection, but, in the interest of controlling cost and radiation exposure, are not included in sale radiographs. Dorsolateral (35°) to Palmaromedial Oblique Projection of the Carpus (Fig. 1).

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  • How to Interpret Radiographs of the Carpus and Tarsus of ...

    2020-6-5 · The signs of hock OCD are usually first seen in non-racehorses just prior to or at the beginning of training. Diagnosis of OCD of the intermediate ridge of the tibia: Radiographs (X-rays) of the hocks are the diagnostic modality of choice for diagnosing this disease. Treatment of OCD of the intermediate ridge of the tibia:

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  • Hock OCD (Osteochondritis Dessicans) | Cave Creek

    2019-3-18 · The horse’s hock (the tarsus, in veterinary terms) consists of four joints, any one (or more) of which may be a source of discomfort. The tarsocrural joint, a high-motion joint at the top of the hock, is the largest joint in the hock (see illustration below). From top to bottom, the three smaller joints are the proximal intertarsal joint, the ...

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  • Hock Injections: A Sound Practice? | YourDressage.org

    2020-6-3 · The hock joint of the horse, also known as the tarsus, is very important to both hindlimb flexion and rotation. I am frequently asked about hock pain in horses. Pain in the hock can stem from numerous locations around the joint, but also inside the joint. The hock is comprised of four major joint spaces.

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  • The Complex Hock - Fusion: A Permanent Fix - NW

    Introduction: The hock, medically known as tarsus, is a common location for pain and lameness in the back legs of the horse. The lower hock joints (distal intertarsal (DIT) and tarsometatarsal (TMT) joints) are the most common source of lameness, with symptoms derived from arthritis (osteoarthritis (OA), degenerative joint disease (DJD)). Conformation and accumulation of […]

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  • Why taking radiographs before purchasing your next

    Chronic proximal suspensory desmitis of the hindlimbs (common in dressage horses) can cause bony changes in the cannon bone that can be seen on hock radiographs. Or the dreaded term Navicular disease can come into play in mature horses. The more experienced the horse, the more likely that we will find chronic repetitive injuries and some arthritis.

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  • Radiographs - Expert advice on horse care and horse

    2013-12-11 · Radiography of the Carpus and Hock Back to Table of Contents. Add to My Library ...

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  • Radiography of the Carpus and Hock | IVIS

    2020-6-5 · The signs of hock OCD are usually first seen in non-racehorses just prior to or at the beginning of training. Diagnosis of OCD of the intermediate ridge of the tibia: Radiographs (X-rays) of the hocks are the diagnostic modality of choice for diagnosing this disease. Treatment of OCD of the intermediate ridge of the tibia:

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  • Hock OCD (Osteochondritis Dessicans) | Cave Creek

    2021-7-22 · OC has been diagnosed in nearly all joints in the horse, but certain joints are commonly affected. These include the hock, stifle, and fetlock. Affected horses are generally diagnosed at a young age (as yearlings on pre-purchase radiographs, or soon after being put in training). The most common clinical sign is excess fluid in the joint (effusion).

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  • Osteochondrosis | Leatherdale Equine Center -

    2019-1-24 · The hock is a complex joint and is analogous to our ankle joint. While it is the most common site of lameness in the hind leg of performance horses, I don't believe one should assume it to be where the problem lies whenever a horse is sore behind.

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  • Hock Problems in Horses - The Team Roping Journal

    2021-7-8 · The majority of radiographs of the distal portions of equine limbs are obtained with portable x-ray units. These units are small and relatively lightweight. These are low output units, typically in the range of 10-30 mA and 70-90 kVp. X-ray units at the lower end of this range are suitable for distal limb radiographs only.

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  • RADIOLOGY OF THE EQUINE LIMBS

    2015-8-15 · • Multiple OC lesions in the same horse are not uncommon o Bilateral lesions: Stifle: 17.5-20.5% of affected animals Hock: 6-10% of affected animals (probably underreported) Fetlock: can be bilateral or all 4 affected o Multiple lesions within the same joint Especially seen in the hock …

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  • Osteochondrosis in the Horse: Review and Research Update

    2019-2-8 · Lameness or poor performance is often caused by pain in both hocks, which affects the overall movement of the horse’s hind end. Clinical signs of hock pain can be subtle, and include shortening of the hind-limb stride length, difficulty collecting and keeping the rhythm, and an inability to collect to perform piaffe or passage.

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  • Prevalence and distribution of radiographically

    Aim: To characterise the prevalence and distribution of radiographic changes in the hocks and stifles of Thoroughbred yearling colts and fillies in New Zealand and compare them with other populations of young horses. Methods: Repository radiographs taken in New Zealand for the 2003-2006 Thoroughbred national yearling sales were evaluated by two individual readers.

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  • Hoof Radiographs - Springhill Equine Veterinary Clinic

    2021-3-29 · Hoof imbalance is a really common factor on the road to lameness. It can be caused by your horse’s natural conformation – for instance if he naturally has a club foot, a low heel, or his hock angles are relatively straight (post legged). It could also be attributable to the hoof trim, shoeing, or the time between farrier visits.

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  • hock and stifles | NW Equine

    2013-12-11 · Library; Calendar; e-Learning; News. Veterinary News In this section you find veterinary news; Recent Additions All content that was recently added to the IVIS library; Get involved. Donate Support IVIS, make a donation today; Media kit Promote your e-learning & events on IVIS; Add your e-learning & events to the IVIS calendar; Publish on IVIS Publish your work with us; About

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  • Radiography of the Carpus and Hock | IVIS

    2021-6-15 · The hock is especially important in equine anatomy due to the great strain it receives when the horse is worked. 12 the hock is arguably the most important joint of horse leg anatomy. The hock is essentially round from an external standpoint with a protuberance at the proximal calcaneus. The hock of the horse is equivalent to the human ankle.

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  • Hock Anatomy Horse - Anatomical Charts & Posters

    2016-6-18 · Figure 25.9 ‘Kissing spines’: the lateral radiographs of the spinous process show narrowing of the interspinous space with sclerosis and lucencies in the underlying bone. Note the metal markers placed to help matching up radiographs with the live horse.

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  • Hock Injections for Horses in Ocala, Florida |

    However this horse presented with a low grade lameness and an obvious effusion (swelling) of the hock joint – also known as a 'bog spavin'. The lameness was resolved with a local anaesthetic joint block. The radiographs confirmed the presence of these large DIRT lesions, which were present on both hind legs.

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  • Equine diagnostic imaging | Veterian Key

    Mike W. Ross, C. Wayne McIlwraith, in Diagnosis and Management of Lameness in the Horse (Second Edition), 2011 Rear Perspective. A majority of STB and WBL horses toe out behind, which should be considered normal. Horses with mild external rotation of the distal extremity are said to be toed out and usually also have external rotation of hocks, causing the points of the hocks to be closer than ...

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  • hock and stifles | NW Equine

    2021-6-15 · The hock is especially important in equine anatomy due to the great strain it receives when the horse is worked. 12 the hock is arguably the most important joint of horse leg anatomy. The hock is essentially round from an external standpoint with a protuberance at the proximal calcaneus. The hock of the horse is equivalent to the human ankle.

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  • Hock Anatomy Horse - Anatomical Charts & Posters

    2006-12-6 · During the second month, the patient is allowed turnout into a small paddock. If responding favorably after 60 days, the horse is allowed to return to a gradual exercise program. In many cases, the horse will be significantly improved in 90 - 120 days and may return to competition; however, it usually takes 1 yr for fusion to occur.

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  • Review of Equine Distal Hock Inflammation and

    2008-1-17 · Hock problems in horses from Horse Care General overview of the hock, what it does, how it works, what can go wrong. Kinds of Hock issues from Today's Horse This is an advice column with very basic information. Hocks from Horse and Hound Succinct summary of hock problems. Review of Equine Distal Hock Inflammation and Arthritis A vet-to-vet kind ...

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  • Hock Injections for Horses in Ocala, Florida |

    However this horse presented with a low grade lameness and an obvious effusion (swelling) of the hock joint – also known as a 'bog spavin'. The lameness was resolved with a local anaesthetic joint block. The radiographs confirmed the presence of these large DIRT lesions, which were present on both hind legs.

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  • Behind the Bit: The Equine hock: A case study and

    2021-7-12 · Diagnostics. We use state-of-the-art, portable diagnostic tools to capture rich image data to inform a clear diagnosis for your horse. With a clear diagnosis we can make the appropriate treatment protocols for your horse and you can be back doing what you love in the most efficient amount of time. The portability of our diagnostic tools means ...

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  • Managing Your Horse’s Joints with Injections -

    The horse also “fell out behind” at the canter on a lunge line. Lower hock arthritis was present on radiographs, but the arthritis was not considered severe. Nonetheless, it had become a more persistent condition affecting his performance. The horse had been routinely injected for mild lower hock arthritis, approximately every 6 months.

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  • Case Studies - Loch Leven Equine

    2021-5-20 · Usage: seqkit sort [flags] Flags: -l, --by-length by sequence length -n, --by-name by full name instead of just id -s, --by-seq by sequence -i, --ignore-case ignore case -k, --keep-temp keep tempory FASTA and .fai file when using 2-pass mode -N, --natural-order sort in natural order, when sorting by IDs/full name -r, --reverse reverse the ...

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